Gallic acid properties sources and benefits type of organic acid and is widespread in nature. This is a product obtained by alkaline or acid hydrolysis of the tannins of plants, nuts or mushrooms that are rich in these compounds. Chemically it acts as a reducing agent, it is astringent and antioxidant. It is also used in inks and dyes and is often used in the pharmaceutical industry.
Foods with gallic acid
Gallic acid exists freely or is attached to the tannins of most plant species, but in some it is in larger quantities // see gallery. Hazelnuts, walnuts, grapes, pomegranate, sumac and green tea stand out. It is also found in roses, blueberries, manna honey, hops, cocoa, mangoes and other fruits and vegetables, as well as in some beverages such as wine and tea. The amount of gallic acid in grapes and wine depends on the grape variety, processing and storage. Green tea has a high content, but cocoa contains more than green tea and red wine.
Properties of gallic acid
In addition to the known antioxidant properties, gallic acid also has antiviral and antifungal properties. In addition, this acid kills cancer cells without damaging healthy tissues. It neutralizes free radicals that damage cells. Gallic acid has been shown to show cytotoxicity to cancer cells without damaging healthy cells.
Gallic acid has been shown to have prevents cancer activity in leukemia, prostate cancer, lung, stomach, pancreas and colon, breast, cervix and esophagus. Other medical applications found in gallic acid are as an astringent and to stop bleeding. It is also a raw material for obtaining an antimalarial agent.
It has a high potential against cell aging, stabilizing collagen and protecting it from excessive breakdown, thus keeping cells younger and healthier for longer. Various studies have shown that gallic acid has antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, antiallergic, anti-inflammatory, antimutagenic, anticholesterol, obesity and immunomodulatory activity.
It also has neuroprotective, cardioprotective, hepatoprotective and nephroprotective potential. The benefits of drinking beverages and foods containing gallic acid are many and help maintain good health.